There has been a growing interest in products derived from cannabis in recent times, this being a growing trend worldwide and, of course, in Portugal it could not be different. In previous articles it has already been talked about the amount of cannabidioids in the cannabis plant (there are more than 100) and those that are found in greater quantities and also more studied: delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and Cannabidiol (CBD ).
Although they are extracted from the same plant and have many similarities, both have differences that must be taken into account when using one of these two substances. An easy way to think about the topic is that THC is defined by what cannabis makes you feel, while the effects of CBD cannot be felt.
The important distinction is that, unlike THC, CBD will not “intoxicate” it. It is worth noting that one of the most common reasons why people choose to use CBD is for pain control. In this article, we discuss the differences, similarities and benefits of these two compounds.
What are the main properties and advantages of CBD?
The compound Cannabidiol, better known as CBD, has become especially popular in recent years. Because it is one of the main organic components of the cannabis plant, it can be found in various forms, such as gel, supplements, gums and oils, in addition to being related to immense therapeutic properties such as:
- Chronic pains;
What are the main properties and advantages of THC?
The compound delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol is known by the abbreviation THC, the main cannabidioid that has the psychoactive effects of cannabis. Despite having been popularized through the smoked plant, THC also has several properties whose results have beneficial effects for the body, such as:
- Muscle spasticity;
- Low appetite;
What are the main similarities and differences between CBD and THC?
CBD and THC have many similar medical benefits. These two compounds can provide relief from a variety of conditions. CBD, however, does not cause the psychotropic effects that occur with THC and, therefore, some people prefer to use CBD, since it is a side effect that is not felt.
Although the two are cannabinoids, CBD and THC interact with slightly different receptors. Although both have structural similarities in chemical terms, CBD and THC present marked physiological differences, the results of which may influence their interaction with the endocannabinoid system. This results in distinct benefits. So, on the one hand, CBD is unlikely to leave a euphoric person. On the other hand, THC is responsible for producing the euphoria that is normally associated with the recreational use of cannabis.
Medicinal cannabis composed mostly of CBD, has a minimum of THC. Thus, as a result, the individual will not feel altered when using it as a medication. Medical cannabis, which contains a high concentration of THC, will make the person feel another type of effect when ingesting the drug, which will be dependent on the amount consumed.
As mentioned above, both components contain beneficial properties for treating some health conditions (insomnia, pain, nausea and anxiety are just some of the examples), however, their psychoactive properties can promote side effects, the severity of which is always very low .
THC can cause temporary side effects, such as:
- Increased heart rate;
- Coordination problems;
- Dry mouth;
- Red eyes;
- Slower reaction times;
- Memory loss;
The side effects that CBD may induce are:
- Changes in appetite;
- Weight loss;
There are other characteristics of these compounds that deserve attention. for example, CBD can potentially block some of the intoxicating effects of THC. When communicating to cannabinoid receptors, this will prevent THC from activating those same receptors. This ends up resulting in a less intense psychoactive effect, which characterizes products that have a mixture of CBD and THC as great for neophyte users.
According to some scientific studies, there is a risk that regular or higher doses of THC may increase the risk of developing schizophrenia in people who are already predisposed to this disease. It must also be made clear that neither CBD nor THC has any side effects and apparent health risks that are considered serious. Neither of the two compounds mentioned can be fatal when taken correctly. In addition, studies show that people who use THC for recreational purposes are at little risk of developing any type of addiction.
What is the best compound to use: CBD or THC?
As it was possible to notice throughout this article, both CBD and THC have beneficial properties and meet the most varied therapeutic and medical needs. Although in Portugal, the consumption of non-medicinal cannabis is illegal, attention needs to be paid to its effects on the body.
The two compounds mentioned here are safe for medical use, but it is always necessary to pay attention to the possible side effects and the integration with other drugs that you happen to be taking at the moment. For the results to be beneficial, medical monitoring is essential, as it is this professional monitoring that will indicate the ideal and safest treatment for you.
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