The aging process is inevitable and something that everyone has to deal with at some point in their lives1.
The skin is one of the first areas to show signs of aging. Every year, after the age of 20, the human body produces approximately 1% less collagen than the previous year. With the loss of collagen, combined with the natural decline in the production of natural skin oils, it reduces the skin's elasticity and regenerative capacities, resulting in a thinner and more delicate skin, with a greater tendency to wrinkle.2. This is the body's natural functioning system3, so it cannot properly be considered as premature aging.
The way we age, however, is under our control, which is one of the reasons why the anti-aging products section in cosmetics is one of the most successful. It is much easier to prevent skin aging than to try to reverse it after it happens.
What causes premature skin aging?
When thinking about premature aging, it is important to consider the causes behind this phenomenon.
As previously mentioned, the normal aging process is not considered here, which implies the loss of skin elasticity and the formation of wrinkles. There are several theories that seek to explain the why and how of aging4, but do not focus exclusively on premature aging.
In addition to the natural wear and tear on the skin, when analyzing the causes of premature aging, the vast majority are related to external factors that cause and / or accelerate the aging of the skin.
It is a well-known fact that UV rays can cause great damage to the skin. However, this does not always encourage individuals to take proper care of their skin. Repeated exposure to UV rays, both from the sun and artificial, causes premature skin aging5. Damage caused can include blemishes on the face, discoloration of the skin, or other more serious problems.
This does not mean that cold temperatures do not have a negative effect on the skin. The cold causes the skin to have a finer and less elastic texture, which causes the appearance of wrinkles more easily.
In addition to the climate, the atmosphere itself is full of pollutants that weaken the protective layer of the skin and generate free radicals with high oxidizing power that contribute to the premature aging of the skin.5.
SLEEP AND STRESS LEVELS
Sleep and stress levels are a factor that influences the appearance of the skin. The skin wrinkles under the effect of stress or fatigue, causing muscular tensions that turn into stretch marks or wrinkles.5.
Over time, the body is unable to combat these negative stimuli, so the skin will permanently look aged, with wrinkles, stretch marks and even spots.
LITTLE HEALTHY HABITS
Habits such as smoking, consuming alcoholic beverages and having an unhealthy diet negatively influence the health of individuals. But how do these habits influence premature skin aging? Smoking, for example, causes the skin to not be receiving enough oxygen, which causes the creation of wrinkles. Alcohol can lead to health complications and kidney and liver problems. Both alcohol and tobacco, consumed in excess, can also cause skin discoloration5.
How can CBD help?
CBD is an ingredient that has had a increasing use in cosmetic products, due to its various benefits with regard to skin care.
In the case of premature aging, the strong antioxidant properties of CBD, which work with the endocannabinoid system, help to protect the skin surface against free radicals and damage caused by the environment. This contributes to the slowing down of the skin's aging process, leaving it smoother and hydrated6.
With regard to skin care, and the premature aging of the skin, it is better to think proactively and preventively. There is no miracle cure for skin damage that has already been done, so take into account a personal care routine with products that protect your skin from damage that may be done. We suggest the following products:
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- Jayanthi, P., Joshua, E., & Ranganathan, K. (2010). Ageing and its implications. Journal of oral and maxillofacial pathology: JOMFP, 14 (2), 48–51. https://doi.org/10.4103/0973-029X.72500
- Harman D. (1981). The aging process. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 78 (11), 7124–7128. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.78.11.7124
- Tosato, M., Zamboni, V., Ferrini, A., & Cesari, M. (2007). The aging process and potential interventions to extend life expectancy. Clinical interventions in aging, 2 (3), 401–412.
- Borges R, et al. Understanding the molecular aspects of tetrahydrocannabinol and cannabidiol as antioxidants. Molecules 2013, 18, 12663–12674.